Typhoid Immunization

 
Many times, travelers to developing countries – including many popular vacation spots for Canadians – will be required to receive a Typhoid immunization. Typhoid fever is a serious disease that's usually spread by contaminated food. The infectious agent, a bacteria called salmonella enterica serotype typhi, causes a high fever, weakness, stomach pains, headache, and other symptoms. If left untreated, typhoid can spread to bones and other places in the body and cause rupture of the intestine. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), typhoid strikes approximately 16 million people a year, and results in the death of about 600,000 people worldwide. Some people have no symptoms, but become typhoid carriers, and they can spread the disease to others. Virtually all cases of typhoid in North America were found to have been acquired during travel.
 
Fortunately, there are two vaccines that will greatly reduce your susceptibility to Typhoid Fever. One is an inactivated vaccine that's injected; the other is an oral vaccine.
 

Do I Need A Typhoid Vaccination?

 
If you're planning a vacation, don't forget to think about travel health. There's nothing worse than falling ill in a foreign country, where you may not be fluent in the local language or even have access to adequate medical care. Canada boasts many fine travel clinics, and before you even solidify travel plans, you may wish to talk to an expert at a travel clinic near you.
 
Travel clinic personnel can help you to plan your trip. These professionals have both a love and a great knowledge of travelling, and they will be able to advise you about aspects of your trip you may not have considered. They can help you to streamline your travel arrangements, with maximum health in mind.
 
The staff at a travel clinic will also be very aware of which immunizations you and your family will require. These may or may not include a vaccination for typhoid fever. Generally speaking, typhoid vaccinations are required for people intending to spend time on the Indian subcontinent, in Latin America, in Asia, or in Africa.
 
Be sure to visit a clinic early, as the oral typhoid vaccine requires time and more than one dose to become fully effective. Children six years of age or older can take the oral vaccine, and they need to take one capsule every other day for a total of four capsules. The last dose must be taken at least one week before travel. The polysaccharide typhoid vaccine injection requires only one dose, but it too must be given at least one week before travel.
 
Personnel at a travel clinic will devise a separate plan for each member of your family, taking into account your previous inoculation schedule, your current health conditions, your age, and your travel plans.
 
Be aware that the protection offered by typhoid vaccinations is not complete; the efficacy of both vaccines ranges from 50 to 80 per cent. Being careful about what you eat and drink can help to cut your risk further.
 
Visit a travel health clinic today, and learn more about how to make sure your holiday is happy – and healthy!
 
Ottawa:  (613) 482-0118
Toronto:  (647) 722-2370