Many times, travelers to developing
countries – including many popular vacation spots for Canadians – will be
required to receive a Typhoid immunization. Typhoid fever is a serious disease
that's usually spread by contaminated food. The infectious agent, a bacteria
called salmonella enterica serotype
typhi, causes a high fever, weakness, stomach pains, headache, and other
symptoms. If left untreated, typhoid can spread to bones and other places in
the body and cause rupture of the intestine. According to the World Health
Organization (WHO), typhoid strikes approximately 16 million people a year, and
results in the death of about 600,000 people worldwide. Some people have no
symptoms, but become typhoid carriers, and they can spread the disease to
others. Virtually all cases of typhoid in North America were found to have been
acquired during travel.
Fortunately, there are two vaccines that
will greatly reduce your susceptibility to Typhoid Fever. One is an inactivated
vaccine that's injected; the other is an oral vaccine.
Do I Need A
If you're planning a vacation, don't forget
to think about travel health. There's nothing worse than falling ill in a
foreign country, where you may not be fluent in the local language or even have
access to adequate medical care. Canada boasts many fine travel clinics, and
before you even solidify travel plans, you may wish to talk to an expert at a
travel clinic near you.
Travel clinic personnel can help you to
plan your trip. These professionals have both a love and a great knowledge of
travelling, and they will be able to advise you about aspects of your trip you
may not have considered. They can help you to streamline your travel
arrangements, with maximum health in mind.
The staff at a travel clinic will also be
very aware of which immunizations you and your family will require. These may
or may not include a vaccination for typhoid fever. Generally speaking, typhoid
vaccinations are required for people intending to spend time on the Indian
subcontinent, in Latin America, in Asia, or in Africa.
Be sure to visit a clinic early, as the
oral typhoid vaccine requires time and more than one dose to become fully
effective. Children six years of age or older can take the oral vaccine, and
they need to take one capsule every other day for a total of four capsules. The
last dose must be taken at least one week before travel. The polysaccharide
typhoid vaccine injection requires only one dose, but it too must be given at
least one week before travel.
Personnel at a travel clinic will devise a
separate plan for each member of your family, taking into account your previous
inoculation schedule, your current health conditions, your age, and your travel
Be aware that the protection offered by
not complete; the efficacy of both vaccines ranges from 50 to 80 per cent.
Being careful about what you eat and drink can help to cut your risk further.
Visit a travel health clinic today, and learn
more about how to make sure your holiday is happy – and healthy!